Bipolar disorder, as the name says, is a kind of mental illness wherein a person experiences extreme mood swings. Typical symptoms of bipolar disorder include elevated mood shifts and episodes of depression. Studies state that individuals with this disorder usually face trouble managing their lives, especially their day-to-day activities at home, work and even maintaining relationships.
While there’s no such cure available for bipolar disorder, there are some specific treatment options which can effectively help in managing its symptoms.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Generally, a person with bipolar disorder experiences three main symptoms – mania, hypomania, and depression. While experiencing the first symptom, an individual feels emotionally high. They feel excited, euphoric, full of energy and impulsive. During these episodes, they also engage in behaviors such as:
- drug use
- spending sprees
- unprotected sex
Hypomania, on the other hand, is associated with bipolar II disorder. It is quite similar to mania, but it is not as severe as its counterpart.
While experiencing episodes of depression, an individual may experience the following:
- either sleep too little or too much
- lose interest in basic activities they enjoyed
- loss of energy
- deep sadness
- suicidal thoughts
Although bipolar disorder is not a rare condition, it’s usually hard to detect as its symptoms vary from one person to another.
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms in Women
Bipolar disorder is prevalent amid both men and women. However, both of them experience completely different symptoms. In most of the cases, women with this disorder may:
- be diagnosed with bipolar disorder at a later stage in life, typically in their 20s or 30s
- experience milder episodes of mania
- have more depressive episodes than mania
- witness about four or more episodes of mania and/or depression in a single year, which is medically known as rapid cycling
- go through some other conditions at the same time, including obesity, migraines, thyroid disease, and anxiety disorders.
- have higher risk of becoming alcohol addicts.
Women with this disorder are more likely to relapse often. This is typically a cause of hormonal chances that happen due to menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause.
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms in Men
As stated above, men and women both witness different bipolar disorder symptoms. Men with this condition may:
- get diagnosed at an early stage in life
- experience more severe episodes of mania
- indulge into substance abuse
- act out during a manic episode
Types of Bipolar Disorder
Medical science recognizes three main …